[vc_row type=”container” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=”” css=”.vc_custom_1449060013623{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_column][vc_column_text]Shade encourages cows to keep eating and can reduce heat stress in summer.

Shade Cloth

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row type=”container” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=”” css=”.vc_custom_1449060063467{margin-bottom: 20px !important;}”][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]Shade cloth can block around 80% of solar radiation and is a cheap option if well-constructed and maintained (lifespan around 10 years).

It is recommended you consult a structural engineer or a registered builder to ensure maximum shade and safety. Before finalising design, consider:

  • Fabric – consider colour, weave, grams per square metre as all affect capacity to block sunlight
  • Support posts and foundations – structural grade steel and concrete footings are essential
  • Fastenings – select attachments carefully – excessive flexing encourages cloth deterioration and flapping noise can cause cows to baulk

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1449059997398{margin-bottom: 35px !important;}”][vc_single_image image=”71575″ img_size=”full” add_caption=”yes” onclick=”link_image”][vc_btn title=”Low cost feed pad with shade” style=”custom” custom_background=”#fdc900″ custom_text=”#666666″ shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.coolcows.com.au%2FInfrastructure%2FFeedpad%2Flow-cost-feedpad-with-shade-cloth-structure-case-study.htm||”][vc_btn title=”Shade cloth structures” style=”custom” custom_background=”#fdc900″ custom_text=”#666666″ shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.coolcows.com.au%2FInfrastructure%2FDesign%2520considerations%2Fshade-cloth-structures.htm||”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row type=”container” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=”” css=”.vc_custom_1449060013623{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_column][vc_column_text]

  • Load – Loads on the structure need to be transferred through the structure into the ground. Consider wind load and lift , dead load (weight of structure) and live load (temporary load of water pooling etc.)
  • Height – A minimum height of 4 m is recommended
  • Orientation – consider the angle of winter and summer sun
  • Drainage – any drainage should be directed to formed drain

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Solid Roofs

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row type=”container” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=””][vc_column][vc_column_text]A solid roof over a feed pad is a more significant investment than shade cloth but can make a big impact on overall farm productivity, particularly if you farm in a hot area.

Solid roofs provide excellent protection from solar radiation – but they must be well designed and constructed. It is recommended you consult a structural engineer or a registered builder to ensure maximum shade and safety. Before finalising design, read the following fact sheet:[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row type=”container” padding_top=”” padding_bottom=”” css=”.vc_custom_1449060063467{margin-bottom: 20px !important;}”][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]

  • Roofing material – choose a long-lasting cladding that increases solar reflection
  • Height – consider machinery access, 3.7 m is considered a minimum
  • Pitch – roof pitch influences air movement – the steeper the pitch, the greater the air movement
  • Ridge opening – an open ridge space at the top of the roof allows heat to escape and increases air flow
  • Eaves and guttering – eave overhang for side opening sheds is 900 mm
  • Orientation – Consider the angle of winter and summer sun and whether you want feed area under shade at all time
  • Effluent management system – an effective system of handling effluent and run-off is essential

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1449059997398{margin-bottom: 35px !important;}”][vc_single_image image=”71539″ img_size=”full” add_caption=”yes” onclick=”link_image”][vc_btn title=”Guidelines for Victorian feed pads ” style=”custom” custom_background=”#fdc900″ custom_text=”#666666″ shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fdairyinfrastructure.com.au%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2016%2F07%2FDPI_feedpads-design-pub.pdf||”][vc_btn title=”Earthen feed pads with roofs” style=”custom” custom_background=”#fdc900″ custom_text=”#666666″ shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.coolcows.com.au%2FInfrastructure%2FFeedpad%2Flow-cost-earthen-feedpad-with-solid-roofed-shade-structure-case-study.htm||”][vc_btn title=”Concrete feed pad with roof” style=”custom” custom_background=”#fdc900″ custom_text=”#666666″ shape=”square” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.coolcows.com.au%2FInfrastructure%2FFeedpad%2Fhigher-cost-concrete-feedpad-with-solid-roofed-shade-structure-case-study.htm||”][/vc_column][/vc_row]